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                    2. 中考英語易混易錯詞匯總匯

                      來源:SOHU  [  作者:憶聚堂全腦教育   ]  責編:王強  |  侵權/違法舉報

                      原標題:中考英語易混易錯詞匯總匯

                      1. in a word, in words

                       in a word 總之,一句話, in words口頭上 In a word, you are right.

                      2. in place of, in the place of

                       in place of代替,in the place of在…地方 A new building is built in the place of the old one.

                      3. in secret, in the secret

                       in secret秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作狀語;in the secret知道內情,知道秘密,一般用作表語 My mother was in the secret from the beginning.

                      4. a girl, one girl

                       a girl可泛指所有女孩, one girl一個女孩 Can one girl carry such a big box?

                      5. take a chair, take the chair

                       take a chair相當于sit down坐下,take the chair開始開會

                      6. go to sea, by sea, by the sea

                       go to sea當海員,出航,by sea乘船,由海路, by the sea在海邊 go by sea

                      7. the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher

                       the doctor and teacher指一個人,既是醫生又是老師,the doctor and the teacher兩個人,一個醫生和一個老師 the doctor and teacher is

                      8. in office, in the office

                       in office在職的,in the office在辦公室里 He is in office, not out of office.

                      9. in bed, on the bed

                       in bed臥在床上,on the bed在床上 The book is on the bed. He is ill in bed.

                      10. in charge of, in the charge of

                       in charge of管理,負責照料, in the charge of由……照料 He is in charge of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her.

                      11. in class, in the class

                       in class在課上,in the class在班級里 He is the best student in the class.

                      12. on fire, on the fire

                       on fire著火,on the fire在火上 Put the food on the fire. The house is on fire.

                      13. out of question, out of the question

                       out of question毫無疑問的,out of the question不可能的

                      14. a second, the second

                       a second又一,再一,the second第…… He won the second prize.

                      15. by day, by the day

                       by day白天,by the day按天計算 The workers are paid by the day.

                      16. the people, a people

                       the people指人,a people指民族 The Chinese is a peace-loving people.

                      17. it, one

                       it同一物體,one同類不同一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one.

                      18. that, this

                       that指代上文所提到的,this導出下文所要說的 I was ill. That"s why…

                      19. none, nothing, no one

                       none強調有多少,nothing, no one強調有沒有,nothing指物,no one指人

                       --- How many…/How much…? --- None.

                      20. anyone, any one

                       anyone指人,不能接of,any one指人物均可,可接of any one of you

                      21. who, what

                       who指姓名或關系,what指職業或地位 What is your dad? He is a teacher.

                      22. what, which

                       what的選擇基礎是無限的,which在一定范圍內進行選擇 Which do you prefer, bananas or apples?

                      23. other, another

                       other后接名詞復數,another后接名詞單數 other students, another student

                      24. not a little, not a bit

                       not a little非常,not a bit一點也不 I"m not a bit tired. 我一點兒也不累。

                      25. many, much, a lot of

                       many和可數名詞連用,much和不可數名詞連用,a lot of可數,不可數均可,但不用于否定句 I haven"t many books.

                      26. much more…than, many more…than

                       much more…than后接形容詞或不可數名詞,many more…than后接可數名詞 many more people, much more water, much more beautiful

                      27. no, not

                       no=not a/any no friend=not a/any friend no water=not any water

                      28. no more than, not more than

                       no more than相當于only,僅僅,只有,not more than 至多,不超過

                      29. majority, most

                       majority只能修飾可數名詞,most可數不可數均可 the majority of people

                      30. by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself

                       by oneself單獨的,獨自的,for oneself為自己,to oneself供自己用的,of oneself 自行的

                      31. at all, after all

                       at all根本,全然, after all到底,畢竟 After all he is a child.

                      32. tall, high

                       tall常指人或動物,high常指物體 He is tall.

                      33. fast, quickly

                       fast側重于指人或物體具有運動速度快的特點,quickly側重指某事完成或發生的快 run fast, answer the question quickly

                      34. high, highly

                       high具體的高,highly抽象的高,高度的 think highly of

                      35. healthy, healthful

                       healthy健康的,健壯的,healthful有益于健康的 healthful exercise

                      36. sleeping, asleep, sleepy

                       sleeping正在睡覺,asleep睡著,熟睡,只能做表語,sleepy困的,有睡意的 a sleeping baby The baby is asleep. I"m sleepy.

                      37. gold, golden

                       gold指真金制品,golden指金色的,但金魚用gold fish a gold ring

                      38. most, mostly

                       most用于表感受的肯定句中,相當于very,當大部分,大多數解時是形容詞或名詞,mostly大部分,是副詞 most people, the people are mostly…

                      39. just, very

                       just表強調時是副詞,作狀語,very表強調時是形容詞,用作定語 the very man, just the man

                      40. wide, broad

                       wide側重于一邊到另一邊的距離,broad側重于幅面的寬廣broad shoulders

                      41. real, true

                        real真的,真實的,指的是事實上存在而不是想象的,true真的,真正的,指的是事實和實際情況相符合 real gold, a true story

                      42. respectful, respectable

                        respectful尊敬,有禮貌,respectable可敬的,值得尊敬的 be respectful to the aged

                      43. outwards, outward

                        二者均可用作副詞,表示向外,外面,outward還可用作形容詞 an outward voyage

                      44. pleasant, pleased, pleasing

                        pleasant常用作定語,pleased, pleasing常用作表語,pleased主語常為人,pleasing主語常為物 a pleasant trip The trip is pleasing.

                      45. understanding, understandable

                        understanding明白事理的,能體諒的,understandable 可理解的,能夠懂的 an understanding girl, an understandable mistake

                      46. close, closely

                        close接近,靠近,closely緊緊地,緊密地 closely connected, stand close

                      47. ill, sick

                        ill做表語,sick定,表均可 a sick boy

                      48. good, well

                        good形容詞,well副詞,但指身體狀況是形容詞 He is well again.

                      49. quiet, silent, still

                        quiet安靜的,可以發出小的聲音,silent不發出聲音,但可以動,still完全不動,完全無聲響 He stand there still. 他站在那兒,一動不動,也不說話。

                      50. hard, hardly

                        hard努力,hardly幾乎不 work hard I can hardly believe it.

                      51. able, capable

                        able與不定式to do連用,capable與of連用 He is capable of doing…

                      52. almost, nearly

                        二者均為"幾乎,差不多" 和否定詞連用用almost almost nobody

                      53. late, lately

                        late遲,晚,lately最近,近來 I haven"t seen him lately.

                      54. living, alive, live, lively

                        living, alive, live均為活著的,living定表均可,alive定表均可,定語后置,live只能做定語,lively意為活波的 all the living people=all the people alive

                      55. excited, exciting

                        excited使人興奮的,exciting令人興奮的 I"m excited. The news is exciting.

                      56. deep, deeply

                        deep具體的深,deeply抽象的深,深深地 deeply moved, dig deep

                      57. aloud, loud

                        aloud出聲地,loud大聲地 read aloud(出聲地讀)

                      58. worth, worthy

                        二者均為值得,worth后接doing,worthy后接to be done, of being done

                        It is worth visiting. = It"s worthy to be visited. = It"s worthy of being visited.

                      59. bad, badly

                        bad形容詞,badly副詞,不好,但與need, want, require連用為"很,非常" go bad I need the book badly.

                      60. before long, long before

                        before long不久以后,long before很久以前 not long before = before long

                      61. at, in (表地點)

                        at小地點,in大地點 arrive at a small village, arrive in Shanghai

                      62. at work, in work

                        at work在工作,在上班,in work 有職業,有工作 Both my parents are at work. They are not at home.

                      63. increase to, increase by

                        increase to增長到…,increase by增長了… The number increased by 2,000 to 5,000.

                      64. at ease, with ease

                        at ease舒適地,安逸地;with ease容易地,無困難地 do it with ease

                      65. day after day, day by day

                        day after day日復一日(無變化);day by day一天天地(有變化)Trees grow taller day by day.

                      66. like, as

                        like相似關系,但并不等同,as同一關系,兩者實為一體 Don"t treat me as a child. (In fact, I"m a child.)

                      67. after, in (表時間)

                        after接時間點,in接時間段 after 7:00, in five minutes

                      68. between, among

                        between兩者之間,三者或三者以上兩兩之間, among三者或三者以上之間

                        Switzerland lies between France, Germany, Australia and Italy.

                      69. after, behind (表位置)

                        after強調次序的先后,behind強調物體靜態位置的前后 There are many trees behind the house.

                      70. since, for (完成時間狀語)

                        since接點時間或一句話,for接一段時間 for three years, since 3:00

                      71. on the corner, in the corner, at the corner

                        on the corner物體表面的角上,in the corner物體內部的角落里,at the corner物體外部的角落上(拐角處)on the corner of the table

                      72. warn sb. of, warn sb. against

                        warn sb. of提醒某人注意某事,warn sb. against提醒某人不要做某事 warm him against swimming in that part of the river

                      73. at peace, in peace

                        at peace平靜地,in peace和平地 live in peace with one"s neighbors

                      74. on earth, on the earth, in the earth

                        on earth在世上,在人間,到底,究竟,一點也不,on the earth在地上,在地球上,in the earth在地下,在泥土里 no use on earth

                      75. in surprise, to one"s surprise, by surprise

                        in surprise驚奇地,to one"s surprise使某人吃驚的是,by surprise使…驚慌 The question took the professor by surprise.

                      76. in the air, on the air, in the sky

                        in the air正在醞釀中,on the air播送,廣播,in the sky在天空中 His show is on the air at 6:00 tonight.

                      77. in the field, on the field

                        in the field在野外,on the field在戰場上 He lost his life on the field.

                      78. in the market, on the market

                        in the market表示場所或地點,在市場上,on the market出售 He sells fish in the market. Fresh vegetables are on the market now.

                      79. in the sun, under the sun

                        in the sun在陽光下,under the sun地球上,全世界 people under the sun

                      80. in a voice, with one voice

                        in a voice出聲地,with one voice異口同聲地 They refused with one voice.

                      81. through, across

                        through穿越空間,across在…上穿過 through the forest, across the desert

                      82. on the way, in the way

                        on the way在前往…的路上,in the way擋路 The chair is in the way.

                      83. above, on, over

                        above在上面,不接觸,on在上面,接觸,over在正上方 fly over the hill

                      84. until, not…until

                        until到…為止, not…until直到…才(常跟點動詞連用)I waited until 3:00. He didn"t come until 3:00.

                      85. besides, except, except for

                        besides除了…還(包括在內)except除了(不包括在內),except for整體…除了某一點以外 The composition is good except for a few spelling mistakes.

                      86. weather, if

                        當是否解時,只有在賓語從句中二者可以互換,其余都用weather,當如果解時用if I don"t know if/whether he will come. If he comes, I"ll let you know.

                      87. and, or

                        and并且,or或者,否則,常用于否定句中 I don"t like apples or bananas.

                        Hurry up and you"ll catch the bus. Hurry up or you"ll miss the bus.

                      88. because, since, as, for

                        原因由強到弱為:because, since/as, for. 在句中的位置如下:1)…because… 2) Since/as…, … 3) …, for… Since I was ill, I didn"t go.

                      89. when, as, while (表時間)

                        when從句動詞點動詞,持續性動詞均可,as重在表示動作同時發生,伴隨進行,while從句動詞為持續性動詞 While I slept, a thief broke in.

                      90. the same…as, the same…that

                        the same…as和…一樣的(相似但不同一), the same…that 同一物體 This is the same pen that I used yesterday. (同一支筆)

                      91. as well, as well as

                        as well也,常放于句末,和and連用表示既…又;as well as并列連詞,不但…而且… He is a professor, and a writer as well.

                      92. such…as, such…that

                        such…as像…樣的,such…that如此…以至于 He is not such a fool as he looks like. He is such a good student that all the teachers like him.

                      93. because, because of

                        because連詞,連接兩句話,because of介詞短語,后接詞或短語 He didn"t go to school because of his illness.

                      94. in order that, in order to

                        表目的,in order that后接句子,in order to后接動詞原形 I got up early in order to catch the first bus. I got up early so that I could catch the first bus.

                      95. for example, such as

                        for example一般只列舉一個,such as列舉多個例子 I have been to a lot of American cities, such as New York, Atlanta and Chicago.

                      96. used to, would

                        表過去常常,和現在相對應用used to,不提現在用would I used to get up early, but now I don"t.

                      97. All right. That"s all right. That"s right.

                        All right. That"s all right. 當好吧解時,可以替換;當不客氣,沒關系解時只能用That"s all right. That"s right. 那是對的 ---Sorry. --- That"s all right.

                      98. such…that, so…that

                        當如此…以至于解時,such…that修飾名詞,so…that修飾形容詞或副詞,但名詞前面如果有many, much, little, few修飾用so…that,不用such that

                        so many people that… such a lovely boy=so lovely a boy

                      99. so + be (have, can, do)+主語, neither(nor) + be (have, can, do)+ 主語

                        也一樣,肯定用so…否定用neither (nor) ---I can"t play tennis. ---Nor can I.

                      100. Shall I…? Will you…?

                        Shall I…? 征求對方意見或向對方請示,意為我能…嗎? Will you…? 請求或建議對方做某事,意為你愿意…嗎?Will you help me? Yes, I will.

                      101. quite, rather

                        quite完全地,相當于completely, rather修飾比較級 quite impossible

                      102. happy, glad

                        happy高興,幸福,定表均可,glad高興,只能做表語 a happy girl

                      103. instead, instead of

                        instead是副詞,放在句首或句末,instead of是介詞短語,放在句中He didn"t see a film. Instead he watched TV. He watched TV instead of seeing a film.

                      104. too much, much too

                        too much 后接不可數名詞,much too后接形容詞 much too heavy

                      105. be about to, be going to, be to do

                        be about to表最近的將來,后面不接時間狀語,be going to 側重打算,想法,be to do側重意志,計劃,安排I"m to meet him.(含雙方事先約好的意思)

                      106. raise, rise

                        raise及物動詞,rise不及物動詞 The sun rises in the east.

                      107. bring, take, carry, fetch

                        bring拿來,take帶走,carry隨身攜帶,fetch去回這一往返動作 fetch a box of chalk

                      108. spend, take, pay, cost

                        spend人做主語,花錢,花時間; spend…on sth./in doing sth; take物做主語,花時間; pay人做主語,花錢,pay for; cost物做主語,花錢

                      109. join, join in, take part in

                        join加入某個組織,并成為其中的一員;join in參加小型的活動, join sb. in;take part in 參加大型的活動 He joined the army five years ago.

                      110. learn, study

                        learn學習,側重學習的結果,study學習,側重學習的過程,研究

                        study the problem

                      111. want, hope, wish

                        want打算,想要,want to do, want sb. to do, hope希望(通常可以實現),hope to do/ hope that… wish希望(通常不能實現)wish (sb.) to do, wish sb/sth. + n. I wish you success.

                      112. discover, invent, find out

                        discover發現本來存在但不為人所知的東西,invent發明本來不存在的物體,find out發現,查明 At last he found out the truth.

                      113. answer, reply

                        answer及物動詞,reply不及物動詞,后接 to reply to the letter

                      114. leave, leave for

                        leave離開,leave for前往 He left Beijing for Shanghai.

                      115. rob, steal

                        rob** rob sb. of sth.,steal偷 steal sth. from sb.

                      116. shoot, shoot at

                        shoot射死,shoot at瞄準,但不一定射中 He shot the bird and it died.

                      117. drop, fall

                        drop及物不及物均可,fall不及物動詞 Prices fell/dropped. He dropped his voice.

                      118. search, search for

                        search后接地點,search for后接東西 He searched his pocket for money.

                      119. used to, be used to

                        used to過去常常,be used to習慣于,后接sth./doing sth.;被用來,后接 do sth. He is used to getting up early.

                      120. win, lose, beat

                        win后接sth.,反義詞為lose, beat后接sb. win the game, beat them

                      121. live on, live by

                        live on以…為主食,live by靠…謀生 live on fish/ live by fishing

                      122. beat, hit, strike

                        beat連續性地擊打;hit打中,對準打;strike打一下或若干下 beat the wings

                      123. meet, meet with

                        meet遇到,meet with體驗到,遭遇到 meet with an accident

                      124. lose, miss

                        lose失去(具體的物體),錯過 sth. is lost, lose the chance;miss 想念,錯過sth. is missing, miss the chance

                      125. be tired of, be tired with/from

                        be tired of厭煩…,be tired with/from因為…而累了 be tired with/from running 800 meters

                      126. care about, care for

                        care about關心,計較,在乎,一般多用于否定句中;care for關心,照料,喜歡,愿意 He doesn"t care about his clothes. I don"t care for movies.

                      127. catch a cold, have a cold

                        catch a cold不能和表示"一段時間"的狀語連用,而have a cold可以

                        She has had a cold for a week.

                      128. change for, change into

                        change for調換成,change into變成 Change the shirt for a bigger one. Water changes into ice.

                      129. continue, last

                        二者均為持續,continue主動,被動均可,last只能用主動 The war continued/lasted five years. The story is to be continued.

                      130. feed, raise

                        feed喂養,養活,飼養 (to give food to), raise飼養,養育 (cause to grow, bring up children) raise the family

                      131. clothes, cloth, clothing

                       clothes統指各種衣服,謂語動詞永遠是復數, cloth指布,為不可數名詞 clothing 服裝的總稱,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of

                      132. incident, accident

                       incident指小事件, accident指不幸的事故He was killed in the accident.

                      133. amount, number

                       amount后接不可數名詞, number后接可數名詞 a number of students

                      134. family, house, home

                       home 家,包括住處和家人,house房子,住宅,family家庭成員. My family is a happy one.

                      135. sound, voice, noise

                       sound自然界各種各樣的聲音,voice人的嗓音,noise噪音I hate the loud noise outside.

                      136. photo, picture, drawing

                       photo用照相機拍攝的照片,picture可指相片,圖片,電影片,drawing畫的畫 Let"s go and see a good picture.

                      137. vocabulary, word

                       vocabulary詞匯,一個人擁有的單詞量,word具體的單詞He has a large vocabulary.

                      138. population, people

                       population人口,人數,people具體的人 China has a large population.

                      139. weather, climate

                       weather一天內具體的天氣狀況,climate長期的氣候狀況 The climate here is not good for you.

                      140. road, street, path, way

                       road具體的公路,馬路,street街道,path小路,小徑,way道路,途徑

                       take this road; in the street, show me the way to the museum.

                      141. course, subject

                       course課程(可包括多門科目),subject科目(具體的學科)a summer course

                      142. custom, habit

                       custom傳統風俗,習俗,也可指生活習慣,后接to do, habit生活習慣,習慣成自然,后接of doing. I"ve got the habit of drinking a lot.

                      143. cause, reason

                       cause 指造成某一事實或現象的直接原因,后接of sth./doing sth,reason用來解釋某種現象或結果的理由,后接for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late

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