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                    2. 北京環球教育:雅思閱讀選擇題考查細節時 你該怎么做

                      來源:SOHU  [  作者:環球教育GEDU   ]  責編:張華  |  侵權/違法舉報

                      原標題:北京環球教育:雅思閱讀選擇題考查細節時 你該怎么做

                      雅思閱讀選擇題常常帶給我們的感覺:哇哦!定位到了!

                      A.和文章中的題目好像耶!

                      B.跟原文說的是一個意思吧!?

                      C.壓根兒找不著好吧。

                      D.好多生詞哦,讀不懂。

                      嗯......原文重現不要選,排除A。C毫無依據也排除掉。選D的話難以安慰我對未知事物的恐懼感。所以,選B沒錯了!于是心情舒暢,感覺人生到達了巔峰。

                      對答案,答案選C!!!頓時懷疑人生,該不會是答案給錯了吧!?

                      當然了答案是不會錯的,錯就錯在雅思閱讀選擇題選項中存在太多的陷阱和誘惑,讓人迷失自己,看不清真相。

                      今天北京環球教育高琰老師就來告訴大家真正的真相:做好選擇題,關鍵在于區分好題目是考查細節還是主旨!

                      選擇題真相之一:考查細節的選擇

                      考查細節的選擇題定位到出處,答案往往在定位句,不會跑的太遠,如果你選的答案發現離定位處有點距離,不好意思,你極有可能選擇了干擾項!

                      話不多說,先上一道題目:

                      (C7T1R3Q27)

                      The book Educating Psyche is mainly concerned with

                      A.the power o f suggestion in learning.

                      B.a particular technique for learning based on emotions.

                      C.the effects of emotion on the imagination and the unconscious.

                      D.ways of learning which are not traditional.

                      文章出處(第一段):

                      Educating Psyche by Bernie Neville is a book which looks at radical new approaches to learning, describing the effects of emotion, imagination and the unconscious on learning. One theory discussed in the book is that proposed by George Lozanov, which focuses on the power of suggestion.

                      這道題目定位不難,存在斜體Educating Psyche,原文重現。

                      有多數的同學會選C,因為與原文好像哦:

                      C.the effects of emotion on the imagination and the unconscious.

                      原文:describing the effects of emotion, imagination and the unconscious on learning.(有沒有想過答案果真如此一致,雅思是來考眼神兒的嗎?你讓那些帶著600度眼鏡的學霸們情何以堪?!)

                      同時有不少同學會選A,原文有表達同樣的意思喲:

                      A.the power o f suggestion in learning.

                      原文:One theory discussed in the book is that proposed by George Lozanov, which focuses on the power of suggestion.

                      嗯......同學們錯的有理有據,正確答案選D!

                      來來來,分析一下:

                      首先題目的題干是:這本書Educating Psyche主要是關于什么的。

                      細節or主旨?

                      試問一本書的的主要內容會因為一篇文章的引用而改變嗎?

                      若是,試問如此一本立場不堅定的書是如何混到雅思界的?!

                      所以這道題目與主旨無關,是考查細節的。按這樣的邏輯,答案就在定位詞附近。

                      我們先來看看定位詞所在的這句話:

                      Educating Psyche by Bernie Neville is a book which looks at radical new approaches to learning, describing the effects of emotion, imagination and the unconscious on learning.

                      看到這里,有同學就跳出來說,對呀,就是C呀!

                      但是同學們,沒有看見嗎,C是考官做過手腳的,特點是咋看與文章大程度一致,細看細節處有出入,這就是考官慣用的伎倆!

                      這句話還有一部分:

                      Educating Psyche by Bernie Neville is a book which looks at radical new approaches to learning,

                      這里的looks at 和 is concerned with同義替換;radical可能不認識,但new 大家都認識吧,“新的”和“not traditional(非傳統的)”對應;同時ways of learning和approaches to learning完美改寫,所以答案選D。

                      至于A嘛,根本就是答非所問,與問題無關。

                      發現了嗎,答案就在定位詞Educating Psyche后面,我們卻總匆匆錯過,還在遙遠的地方滿世界找答案!

                      我們可以再來看一道題目:

                      (C10T2R3Q35)

                      The writer says that unlike other forms of art, a painting does not

                      A.involve direct contact with an audience.

                      B.require a special location for a performance.

                      C.need the involvement of other professionals.

                      D.have a special beginning or end.

                      首先,看一看題目是細節還是主旨。雖然題目開始就說“The writer says that......”,但并不一定意味著這是一道主旨題(要知道整篇文章都是作者說的)。

                      判斷主旨與細節,最關鍵的是看連接題干與選項的動作或連詞是與具體對象還是作者直接有關!

                      這里的 does not 顯然是 painting 發出的動作,所以回到原文只要定位出“unlike other forms of art,a painting怎樣怎樣的”,答案就呼之欲出了!

                      原文:

                      This is particularly distressing because time seems to be a vital factor in the appreciation of all art forms. A fundamental difference between paintings and other art forms is that there is no prescribed time over which a painting is viewed. By contrast, the audience encourage an opera or a play over a specific time, which is the duration of the performance. Similarly novels and poems are read in a prescribed temporal sequence, whereas a picture has no clear place at which to start viewing, or at which to finish. Thus art works themselves encourage us to view them superficially, without appreciating the richness of detail and labour that is involved.

                      原文可定位到兩處出處:

                      1.A fundamental difference between paintings and other art forms is that there is no prescribed time over which a painting is viewed.

                      2.Similarly novels and poems are read in a prescribed temporal sequence, whereas a picture has no clear place at which to start viewing, or at which to finish.

                      第1處,可見是與時間有關,選項只有D與時間有關;第2處,直接與D同義替換,相當明顯!兩處均可做出該題目。

                      至于這個段落其他地方說的啥,我們才不管呢,想干擾我們,誘惑我們,沒門!

                      那么區分開考查細節與主旨題目的意義何在呢?

                      首先,一個段落的細節與主旨不一定是沖突的,但對于考查細節的題目,所談論的細節或題目所提問細節的角度,不一定與段落主旨方向一致或相關(不要忘了為了支持自己的觀點,作者也有可能舉反例)。

                      區分開考查細節與主旨題目的意義在于降低錯誤選項的干擾。

                      我們之所容易被干擾項干擾,主要是因為讀到了細節之外的內容(往往是作者進一步論證延伸的部分),不知不覺被其說服,以為就是答案。當我們確認了細節題目,就會有意識地不被無關信息干擾,著重理解定位詞所在的1~3句話,快狠準地找到答案。

                      講了那么多,我們來練習一下吧!

                      以下是劍5 Test1Reading passage 3的一道題目,看一看使用今天的技巧有沒有簡單很多。

                      36.The writer suggests that newspapers print items that are intended to

                      A.educate readers.

                      B.meet their readers" expectations.

                      C.encourage feedback from readers.

                      D.mislead readers.

                      原文:

                      A third source of confusion is the attitude of the media. People are clearly more curious about bad news than good. Newspapers and broadcasters are there to provide what the public wants. That, however, can lead to significant distortions of perception. An example was America’s encounter with El Ni?o in 1997 and 1998. This climatic phenomenon was accused of wrecking tourism, causing allergies, melting the ski-slopes and causing 22 deaths. However, according to an article in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, the damage it did was estimated at US $4 billion but the benefits amounted to some US $19 billion. These came from higher winter temperatures (which saved an estimated 850 lives, reduced heating costs and diminished spring floods caused by meltwaters).

                      www.sobl.icu true http://www.sobl.icu/seduzx/196519/307428058.html report 5949 為您提供全方面的北京環球教育:雅思閱讀選擇題考查細節時 你該怎么做相關信息,根據用戶需求提供北京環球教育:雅思閱讀選擇題考查細節時 你該怎么做最新最全信息,解決用戶的北京環球教育:雅思閱讀選擇題考查細節時 你該怎么做需求,原標題:北京環球教育:雅思閱讀選擇題考查細節時你該怎么做雅思閱讀選擇題常常帶給我們的感覺:哇哦!定位到了!A.和文章中的題目好像耶!B.跟原文說的是一個意思吧!?C.壓根兒找不著好吧。D.好多生詞哦,讀不懂。嗯......原文重現不要選,排除A。C毫無...
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